That contrast pretty much summed up our Nile River cruise. Ancient History Along the Nile . Order Reprints| Today's Paper|Subscribe. The Nile River defines Egypt. For the entire history of the country, its fortunes have centered around the annual flooding and receding of the river's waters that. Learn facts about The River Nile for kids: explore images and information - for thousands of years Egyptians Today, the Nile is still a major transportation route.